Inventaire d'enquêtes Demostaf

Information sur la citation

Type Revue - AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
Titre Preventive attitudes towards the threat of AIDS: process and determinants in rural Senegal
Auteur(s)
Volume 12
Numéro 6
Publication (Jour/Mois/Année) 2000
Numéros de page 544-556
Résumé
This report is intended to identify the determinants of preventive attitudes and thereby enable the further elaboration of effective prevention programs in a country where the HIV epidemic has remained controlled. Across-sectional survey using a standardized questionnaire was conducted among a sample of 866 adults of the general population of the rural area of Niakhar, Senegal. The analysis identified psychosocial determinants related to preventive attitudes and the influence of sociodemographic characteristics and of sources of AIDS information on these determinants. Psychosocial determinants of preventive attitudes differed according to gender: Among men, personal risk perception was associated with preventive attitudes. Among women, level of AIDS-related knowledge, communication about AIDS, and optimism about the future were associated with preventive attitudes. Sociodemographic factors and sources of information were similar for men and women: Preventive attitudes were adopted primarily by young, educated subjects who had been exposed to urban life. Religion appeared to be a major obstacle to preventive attitudes. Preventive messages broadcast on radio or television may be determinative. Our results call for a strengthened collaboration with religious leaders and a focus on risk perception to rationalize preventive actions. We also encourage the targeting of vulnerable populations, such as women in rural areas, by developing preventive messages to be delivered through national media (radio, television) and by staff from health centers, which most women visit, at least for prenatal care.

Études utilisées

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Spira, Lagarde, Bouyer, Seck, Enel, N T Kane, Piau, Ndoye, Mboup, Pison, and MECORA group. étude Multisite des Comportements et MST en zone Rurale d'Afrique. "Preventive attitudes towards the threat of AIDS: process and determinants in rural Senegal." AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education 12, no. 6 (2000): 544-556.
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